All others, including those who are filing a Claim for the first time, need to procure that preliminary information, find the proper forms to use, and find various types of supporting documentation. Those individuals should seek the assistance of a Veteran Service Officer, or spend the time learning the required information for submitting an initial Claim.
WERE YOU ON THE INLAND WATERS OF VIETNAM?
If you were on a ship that entered the Inland Waters of Vietnam, you are in the same category for presumptive exposure to herbicide as those who had boots-on-ground. All Inland Water sailors are presumed to have been exposed to Agent Orange. This makes you eligible for service connection for any or all of the diseases that VA lists as a result of exposure to herbicide in Vietnam.
WHAT IS CONSIDERED INLAND WATER?
The current definition [Note the date at top] of Inland Water that is used by the VA includes only those waterways that lie within the geographic boundaries of South Vietnam. If you draw a line down the coastline of South Vietnam (the Republic of Vietnam), closing the mouths of all rivers and most Mekong Delta canals, not including bays, ports and harbors, and you were on the inside (landward side) of that line, you are considered to have been on an Inland Waterway and are therefore given presumption of exposure. If you were in a bay, port or harbor, or were otherwise on the outside (seaward side) of that line, you are not given the presumption of exposure and must submit your claim as direct exposure. Once a ship appears on the Inland Waters Ship List, crew members only need to prove they were on that ship at the time it is deemed to have been on Inland Waters.
HOW CAN A SHIP QUALIFY FOR THE INLAND WATER SHIPS LIST?
The only way to definitely “prove” that a ship was on an Inland Waterway in Vietnam is by finding that information in the ship’s Deck Logs. There will be a notation within the Deck Logs that will indicate the exact location of a Blue Water ship if it entered the Inland Water system of Vietnam. (There are very few exceptions to this). This location might be found in one of the three entries giving latitude and longitude of a ship at 0800, 1600 and 2000 hours every day. These entries are found on the top of the first page for each day’s entries in the Deck Log. These position entries are about 95% accurate and can often be cross referenced with narrative entries to validate them. If a ship was not stationary or was not operating on Inland Waters at those precise times, then the Deck Log narrative entered during each watch period should have a notation that the ship entered a river or canal leading to the geographic interior of Vietnam. A copy of the page from the Deck Log must be submitted as proof that the ship was on Inland Waters. In the event that the Deck Logs are absolutely not available in any of the potential repositories (a possible but rare occurrence), a statement in the Command History is potentially the only alternative document that may be substituted for the ship’s Deck Logs to prove a ship was within the geographical boundaries of Vietnam and that determination of when this substitution is accepted is made on a case-by-case basis. The veteran should do the gathering of this evidence thenselves to expedite this process of the claim.
WHERE ARE THE DECK LOGS?
Navy Deck Logs are housed at the National Archives in College Park, Maryland. Copies can be obtained by visiting the Archives in person, by hiring a researcher to obtain copies, or by requesting the National Archives to provide copies by mail. There are fees attached for postage, copies and any billable time involved in researching and collecting the Deck Logs before copying. Emailing the National Archives is the easiest way to get this process started. The National Archives has begun a program for the Blue Water Navy Association of digitizing (scanning) Ship Deck Logs from the Vietnam Era and making them available at no cost via a public Internet portal. The best place for viewing scanned Deck Logs is by visiting the Blue Water Navy Ship Locator Web Page. Additionally, some Deck Logs can be found at the Veterans Information Website. There were nearly 750 ships that served in Vietnam between January, 1961 and May, 1975, with many of them serving for several months per year, so the project of providing every Deck Log for every ship will take several more years to complete.
WHAT DOES A DECK LOG LOOK LIKE?
This link downloads the Deck Logs of the USS Constellation (CVA-64), an aircraft carrier, for the month of November, 1966. During this time, the Constellation began the month in the South China Sea at a “Special Operations area.” On Nov 11, CONSTELLATION went into Subic Bay, Philippines and tied to a pier. At six minutes past six pm on Saturday, CONSTELLATION began the process of leaving Subic Bay on its way to Yokosuka, Japan, leaving two crew members ashore on Unauthorized Absence. At 10:30am the following Wednesday, the crew began preparations for entering the Naval Base harbor at Yokosuka. The Senior Officer Present Afloat (SOPA) was the Commanding Officer of a Destroyer Tender (AD-36).
At six o’clock on Tuesday morning, Nov 22, 1966, CONSTELLATION began preparation to leave Yokosuka, Japan enroute to San Diego, CA along with five Destroyers that are surrounding Constellation as screens against any hostile action against CONSTELLATION. The month of November, 1966 ends with CONSTELLATION underway to San Diego, CA.
There are several sections to a typical Deck Log:
Some typical entries show a record of change in course (c/c), change in speed (c/s), notations of which engineering plant and equipment is online, and the position of any navigation obstacle, including other ships, in the immediate vacinity. As the time and attention of the OOD allows, additional observations can be noted. However, most other activities onboard ship are not mentioned and the Deck Log can rarely be used as a source of information for general or even special activies that commonly take place throughout the ship.
WHAT IS A COMMAND HISTORY?
The ship’s Command History is a narrative report summarizing the ships’ key activities for a calendar year or some alternative period of time. This report is submitted under Naval Operations guidelines as a chronological record of a ship’s deployment. Many Command Histories are archived at the Naval History and Heritage Command at the Naval History Museum in Washington, DC. The Command History report essentially summarizes what is detailed in the ship’s Deck Logs and is signed by that ship's Commanding Officer. It is accepted as official documentation to prove a ship's activities.
SUBMITTING A SHIP FOR LISTING
If your ship, or one you know of, is eligible for being listed under any of the five categories on the Inland Waters Ship List, the best thing you can do is to complete all the “homework” needed for the listing and submit it as a completed package. That way, the listing will not be delayed waiting on the VA to get the ‘homework’ done. You will be able to gather the data much quicker than the VA and you will know that what you submit contains everything needed and does not overlook something important. Here are some examples:
We suggest that the Deck Log information pertaining to getting a ship on the Inland Waters Service List is both submitted with a claim and emailed to the Blue Water Navy Association or the VA directly. The Regional Office (R/O) is supposed to forward this sort of information to the Project 211 Office, but a packet of material should be sent directly to that office because the R/O sometimes doesn’t forward what is needed, or not in a timely fashon. It is best just to do it yourself. Also note that when this information is being assembled to be included in an initial claim, the veteran needs all the appropriate information required for the claim (526EZ, Medical Records, and other forms of proof and required statements) as well as this information from the Deck Logs to be submitted to the Regional Office with their claim. We are not discussing the requirements for an entire claim for disability here, so some further homework is required in those situations.
WHAT ARE THE RULES GOVERNING BLUE WATER NAVY PRESUMPTIVE EXPOSURE? The Veteran Benefits Administration (VBA) has developed five rules which provide the guidelines for determining the conditions under which a Blue Water Navy veteran can prove boots-on-ground in Vietnam. These rules include designating a ship as having been on Inland Waters or the conditions for accepting lay statements for having boots-on-ground in lieu of providing any other documentation. VBA realizes that ships did not document arrivals and departures of personnel from the ship under normal operations unless the individual was a V.I.P. These VA rules are given as the preface to the Inland Waters Ship List. The rules may change over time, but as of today they provide the final word on VA Policy.
The Rules apply to Blue Water Sailors who departed ships and had brief visitation in Vietnam. VBA acknowledges that there was no documentation kept by the Navy to track most personnel who disembarked/embarked on the ships of the Seventh Fleet while offshore Vietnam. These rules are applied to BWN Veterans who went ashore for liberty, for gathering supplies (including retrieving or delivering mail bags), and had brief on-shore activities for other reasons. These veterans only need to provide a Lay Statement declaring they had boots-on-ground. It is a good idea to also provide some brief statements regarding what ship they were on, how they got ashore, what they did while ashore, how they returned, and why it was THEM who went ashore as opposed to the guy standing next to them. In other words, did the veteran go to shore to complete a specific job in accordance with their rating?
DID YOU FLY INTO DA NANG?
Another possibility for having boots-on-ground might have occurred while reporting to or departing from a ship that was "on station" off the coast of Vietnam. Many times this included a flight on a helicopter or a COD Flight which left the Aircraft Carriers on a daily basis. Initially, VBA was reluctant to include this last category of veteran under the rules for providing Lay Statements as proof. However, due to the Gray v. McDonald Ruling, the VA was instructed to 're-think' their definitions for granting Blue Water Navy claims to avoid being "arbitrary and capricious" in the application of guidelines for adjudicating claims.
One such potential of inconsistent rule application includes determining "Who is allowed to provide a Lay Statement as proof of having had boots on ground?" To avoid the arbitrary and capricious application of this rule, it must apply to all sailors who departed ships by whatever means resulting in their having had boots-on-ground. The following information is our suggestion about what information should be included in a claim for boots-on-ground by sailors who transited the airfields in Vietnam enroute to or from their duty assignment aboard a ship that was stationed off the coast of Vietnam at the time. It also applies to anyone sent ashore for Temporary Duty (TDY), such as those required to perform work on some specialty equipment or to supervise certain activities. This information is offered without any guarantee that VA will agree with everything we suggest.
We are suggesting the following guidelines for a Blue Water Navy boots-on-ground claim submission.
There will be special circumstances surrounding each claim, but these generalized suggestions should provide the veteran and their VSO with a useful outline to follow for many of the typical situations where a Blue Water Navy veteran can claim presumption of exposure by virtue of having had boots-on-ground or its equivalent.
John Rossie, Executive Director
Blue Water Navy Association